• Park Middle School Media Center

    Preparing a List of Works Cited

    All Citations based on the MLA Handbook, 6th edition

    1. Your list of Works Cited should contain all the sources you included in your internal citations. The Works Cited list will appear at the end of your research paper and should be on a separate page.
    2. Number the Works Cited page as a continuation of your paper. If your paper ends on page 21, the list of Works Cited begins on page 22.
    3. Omit the use of "p." or "pp." to indicate page numbers.
    4. Double space the entire list.
    5. Arrange the list alphabetically, using the author's last name. If there is no author, use the first word of the title, disregarding "a," "an," and "the."
    6. Begin the first line of each entry at the left margin and indent the following lines of each entry five spaces from the left margin.
    7. Do not number the items in a list of Works Cited.
    8. Do not include page numbers for books, but do include them for magazine and newspaper articles.
    9. If more than one source by an author is used, alphabetize those entries by title. For second and third titles by the same author, put three dashes and a period, skip two spaces and give the title.
    10. Sample entries for the Works Cited list are given below. Note that they differ slightly from one another. You should follow these forms for punctuation, capitalization, etc.

    LINKS TO CITATION EXAMPLES

    Book -- 1 Author | | Book -- 2 Authors | | Book -- 3 or more Authors | | Two or more books by the same author | | Critical Review in Encyclopedia or Literary Reference Book | | Critical Review Magazine or Signed Source | | Book No Author | | Anthology, Compilation, or Book with an Editor | | Work in an Anthology | | A Translation | | Newspaper Article--Unsigned | | Newspaper Article--Signed | | Magazine Article--Unsigned | | Magazine Article--Signed | | Encyclopedia Article--Single Volume--Signed | | Encyclopedia Article--Single Volume--Unsigned | | Multi-volumed Encyclopedia--Unsigned Article | | Multi-volumed Encyclopedia--Signed Article | | An Editorial | | Book by a Corporate Author | | Pamphlet | | Personal Interview | | Recorded Interview | | Radio and Television Programs | | Films | | Government Publication | | Dated Records, Compact Discs, or Tapes | | Poems | | Published CD-ROM | | Periodically Published Database on CD-ROM | | Nonperiodical Publication on CD-ROM | | Online Databases--Material with publication information for printed source | | Database accessed through a library subscription | | Database accessed from a personal database, i.e. AOL | | Online Databases--Material with no printed source | | WWW Sites | | E-mail | | Listserv and Newsgroup Citations |


    Book--1 Author

    Last name, first name. Title. Place of Publication: Publishing Company,

    (5 spaces/or one tab) Date of Publication.

    Example

    Goldscheider, Calvin. Cultures in Conflict: The Arab-Israeli Conflict.

              Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002.

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    Book--2 Authors

    Last name, first name and first name last name. Title. Place of Publication:

              Publishing Company, Date of Publication.

    Example

    Bolnick, Tina S. and Jamie Pastor Bolnick. Living at the Edge of the World: A Teenager's Survival

              in the Tunnels of Grand Central Station. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

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    Book--3 or more Authors

    Last name, first name, et al. [means "and others"] Title of book. Place of publication:

              Publishing Company, Date of publication.

    Example

    Schmidt, William H., et al. Why Schools Matter: A Cross-National Comparison of Curriculum

              and Learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2001.

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    Two or more books by the same author

    Last name, First name. Title. Place of Publication: Publishing Company,

              Date of Publication.

    ---. Title. Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Date of Publication.

    ---. Title. Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Date of Publication.

    Example

    Fradin, Dennis B. The Delaware Colony. Chicago: Childrens Press,

              1992.

    ---. The North Carolina Colony. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1991.

    ---. The Virginia Colony. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1986.

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    Critical Review in Encyclopedia or Literary Reference Book

    "Name of author reviewed (last name, first name)." Title of Critical Source.

              Volume number, date.

    Example

    "Poe, Edgar Allan." American Authors.

              Vol. 3, 1980.

    "Fitzgerald, F. Scott." Dictionary of Literary Biography: American Novelists,

              1910-1945. Vol. 9, 1981.

    "Muir, Edwin." Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism. Vol. 87, 2000.

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    Critical Review Magazine or Signed Source

    Reviewer's name. [if any] "Title of review." [if any] Rev. of Title of work reviewed,

              by Name of Author. Title of Magazine Date: page.

    Example

    Kolbert, Elizabeth. "Mother Courage." Rev. of Maternal Desire: On Children, Love,

              and the Inner Life, by Daphne de Marneffe. The New Yorker 8 March 2004: 85-87.

    Hitchens, Christopher. "Great Scot." Rev. of John Buchan: The Presbyterian

              Cavalier, by David R. Godine. Atlantic Monthly March 2004: 104-107.

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    Book No Author

    Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.

    Example

    The Holy Bible: Revised Standard Version. New York: Thomas Nelson, 1973.

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    Anthology, Compilation, or Book with an Editor

    Last name, First name of editor or compiler, ed. [or comp.] Title. Place of

              Publication: Publishing Company, Date of Publication.

    Example

    Guernsey, Otis L., Jr., ed. The Best Plays of 1999-2000. New York:

              Limelight Editions, 2000.

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    Work in an Anthology

    Last name, first name. "Title of essay, poem, etc." Title of book in which essay,

              poem, etc. is found. Ed. Name of Editor. Place of Publication: Publishing Company,

              Date of Publication.

    Example

    Adams, Liz Duffy. "Poodle with Guitar and Dark Glasses." The Best American Short Plays 2000-2001.

              Ed. Mark Glubke. New York: Applause Theatre and Cinema Books, 2002.

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    A Translation

    Last name, first name. Title of Book. Trans. Name of translatior. Place of

              Publication: Publishing Company, Date of Publication.

    Example

    Funke, Cornelia. The Thief Lord. Trans. Oliver Latsch. New York: Scholastic, 2002.

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    Newspaper Article--Unsigned

    "Title of Article." Name of newspaper date: page.

    Example

    "The Odd Couple Theater Party to Benefit Girl Scouts Branch." The Scotch Plains-Fanwood

              Times 4 March 2004: 19.

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    Newspaper Article--Signed

    Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Name of newspaper date [, edition if it exists]: page.

    Example

    Lewin, Tamar. "Want to Volunteer in Schools? Be Ready for a Security Check." The New York

              Times 11 March 2004, Late Edition: 1.

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    Magazine Article--Unsigned

    "Title of article." Name of magazine date: page.

    Example

    "No Whale Left Behind." U. S. News and World Report

              8 March 2004: 4.

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    Magazine Article--Signed

    Last name, first name. "Title of article." Name of magazine date: page.

    Example

    Klotz, Mary Beth. "Help Kids Welcome Disabled Students." The Education

              Digest Feb. 2004: 41-42.

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    Encyclopedia Article--Single Volume--Signed

    Last name, first name. "Title of article." Title of Book. Edition. Date of

              Publication.

    Example

    Black, Henry. "Ore and Mineral Deposits." McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of

              Geology. 20th ed. 1988.

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    Encyclopedia Article--Single Volume--Unsigned

    "Title of article." Title of Book. Edition. Date of Publication.

    Example

    "Ginsburg, Ruth Bader." Who's Who in America. 56th ed.

              2002.

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    Multi-volumed Encyclopedia--Unsigned Article

    "Title of Article." Title of Book. Date of Publication or Edition.

    Example

    "Birds." The World Book Encyclopedia. 2004 ed.

    For less familiar encyclopedias, give full publication information.

    "Middle English." The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia for Students.

              Ed. William Chester Jordan. 4 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1996.

    Return to citation links

    Multi-volumed Encyclopedia--Signed Article

    Last name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Book. Edition. [could be edition year or number of the edition]

    Example

    Chapman, Robert. "Astronomy." Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia. 1983 ed.

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    An Editorial

    Last name, first name. "Title of editorial." Editorial. Name of Newspaper.

              Date[, edition if given]: page.

    Example

    Mandelbaum, Michael. "Good Reason to Hope for India-Pakistan Peace." Editorial. The Star-Ledger.

              11 March 2004: 23.

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    Book by a Corporate Author

    Name of Corporation. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, date.

    Example

    Chrysler Corporation. Annual Report, 1990. Detroit: Chrysler Corporation, 2000.

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    Pamphlet

    Title of Pamphlet. Place of Publication: Name of Organization Publishing it, date.

    Example

    Tragic Growth of Child Abuse. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 7

              October 1989.

    Return to citation links

    Personal Interview

    Name of person being interviewed. [Last name, first name.] Kind of interview

              [personal, telephone, etc.] Date.

    Example

    Upperman, Ron. Personal interview. 3 Feb. 2004.

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    Recorded Interview

    Name of person interviewed. Interview. Where interviewed. Broadcaster.

              Location. Date.

    Example

    Jackson, Michael. Interview. 60 Minutes. CBS Television. New York. 26 December

              2003.

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    Radio and Television Programs

    "Title of the episode or segment." [if any] Writ. Writer. [if any] Dir. Director. [if any]

              Narr. Narrator. [if any] Title of Program. Writ. Writer. [if any] Dir. Director. [if any]

              Narr. Narrator. [if any] Title of the series. [if any] Name of Network. Call letters, city of the

              local station. [if any] Date. Transcript. [if from a transcript]

    Examples

    "Death and Society." Narr. Joanne Silberner. Weekend Edition Sunday. Natl. Public Radio.

              WNYC, New York. 25 Jan. 1998.

    The Forsyth Saga. By John Galsworthy. Adapt. Stephen Mallatratt and Jan McVerry.

              Perf. Damian Lewis, Gina McKee, Ioan Gruffudd, Rupert Graves, Corin Redgrave, and Amanda Root.

              8 episodes. Masterpiece Theatre. Introd. Russell Baker. PBS. WGBH, Boston. 6 Oct.-17 Nov. 2002.

    Return to citation links

    Films

    Title. Dir. Director. Distributor, Year.

    Example

    Girl with a Pearl Earring. Dirs. Anand Tucker and Peter Webber.

              Lions Gate Films, 2003.

    Return to citation links

    Government Publication

    Country of government. Agency responsible for publishing the item. Title of

              Publication. Place of Publication: Publisher, date.

    Example

    United States. U. S. Department of Commerce. Statistical Abstract of the United States:

              2002. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2002.

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    Dated Records, Compact Discs, or Tapes

    (YOU MAY BEGIN WITH EITHER THE COMPOSER OR PERFORMER, WHOMEVER IS THE MOST IMPORTANT IN YOUR PAPER.)

    Composer or performer. Title of recording. Orchestra (if pertinent) Distributor,

              Catalog number, date.

    Examples

    Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 7 in A. Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.

              London, STS15107, 1966.

    Isaak, Chris. San Francisco Days. Reprise, 1993.

    Return to citation links

    Poems

    Last name, first name. "Title of Poem." Title of Book in which poem is printed. Place

              of Publication: Publisher, Date, Pages.

    Example

    Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Raven." Great American Poetry. New York: McGraw-Hill,

              1971, 23-24.

    Return to citation links

    Published CD-ROM

    Author, if given. "Title of Article." Title of Database. CD-ROM. Publisher,

              electronic publication date.

    Example

    "King, Martin Luther." Current Biography. CD-ROM. H. W. Wilson, 1996.

    Return to citation links

    Periodically Published Database on CD-ROM

    Author's last name, first name. [if given] [Publication information for the printed source

              or printed analogue (including title and date of print publication)]"Title." Publication

              Date: page. Title of Database. CD-ROM. Name of Vendor. [if relevant] Electronic publication date.

    Example

    Krach, Peg. "Myth and Facts about Alcohol Abuse in the Elderly." Nursing Feb. 1998:

              25+. Abstract. Periodical Abstracts Ondisc. CD-ROM. UMI-ProQuest. Feb. 1998.

    Return to citation links

    Nonperiodical Publication on CD-ROM

    Author's last name, first name. [if given] Title of Publication. [if relevant] Name of editor,

              compiler, or translator. [if relevant] CD-ROM. Edition, release, or version. [if relevant]

              Place of publication: Name of Publisher, Date of publication.

    Example

    Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1699-1860. Ed. Gwendolyn Midlo Hall. CD-ROM.

              Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2000.

    Return to citation links

    Online Databases

    Material with publication information for printed source

    If the URL is fairly easy to follow, use the entire URL in your citation.
    However, if it is an unmanageably long URL, just use the database search page as the URL.


    Title of site. Ed. Name of editor. [if given] Electronic publication information, including version number,

              [if relevant and not part of the title] date of electronic publication or of the latest update, and name of

              any sponsoring institution or organization. Date of access .

    Example

    The Cinderella Project. Ed. Michael N. Salda. Vers. 1.1. Dec. 1997. De Grummond Children's Lit.

              Research Collection, University of Southern Mississippi. 15 May 2002
              ~engdept/cinderella/cinderella.html>.

    Return to citation links

    If the database is accessed through a library subscription:

    Author last name, first name. "Title." Periodical Date. Name of database. Name of Service.

              Name of library [with a city, a state abbreviation, or both if useful] date of access

              .

    Example

    Koretz, Gene. "Economic Trends: Uh-Oh, Warm Water." Business Week 21 July 1997: 22.

              Electronic Library. Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School Library, Scotch Plains, NJ. 17 Oct.

              1997 .

    Return to citation links

    If accessed from a personal database, i.e. AOL:

    Author last name, first name. [if any] "Title." Title of Source. Vers. Version [if any] Date. Name of Database.

              Date of Access. Keyword: Keyword used to access site.

    or


    Author last name, first name. [if any] "Title." Title of Source. Ver. Version [if any] Date. Sponsoring

              institution. [if any] Name of Database. Date of Access. Path: Path used to get to the site used.

    Complete citation with: Keyword:_________.

     

    If you follow a series of topic labels: Path:_________; _________; _________.

     

    Examples

    "Table Tennis." Compton's Encyclopedia Online. Vers. 2.0. 1997. America Online. 4

              July 1998. Keyword: Compton's.

    or


    "Cloning." BioTech's Life and Science Dictionary. 30 June 1998. Indiana University. America

              Online. 4 July 1998. Path: Research and Learning; Science; Biology; Biotechnology Dictionary.

    Return to citation links

    Online Databases

    Material with no printed source

    Title of site. Ed. Name of editor. [if given] Vers. Version number. [if relevant and if not part of the title]

              date of electronic publication or of the latest update. Name of any sponsoring institution or organization.

              Date of access .

    Example

    Snow White. Ed. Kay Vandergrift. 12 March 2004. Rutgers University. 12 March 2004

              .

    Return to citation links

    WWW Sites (World Wide Web)

    Last Name, First Name of Author. [if available] "Title." [if available] Title of site. Latest update.

              Organization sponsoring site. [if available] Date accessed .

    Example

    Herniter, Carla. "Media Center Web Page". 4 March 2004. Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School Media

              Center. 12 March 2004 .

    Return to citation links

    E-mail

    Name of writer. "Title of message, as given in subject line." [if any] Description of message that

              includes recipient. [e.g. e-mail to John Doe] Date of message.

    Example

    Towne, Richard. "CQ Press." e-mail to Carla Herniter about subscription.

              4 June 2003.

    Return to citation links

    Listserv and Newsgroup Citations

    Author's name. "Title of document, as given in subject line." Online posting. Date posted. Name of

              forum. Date of access
              e-mail address of the list's moderator or supervisor>.

    Example

    Schatz, Scherelene. "JerseyCat Membership Information and Upcoming Training Session Schedule."

              Online posting. 20 Nov. 2003. Infolink. 12 March 2004 <sgarwood@infolink.org>.

    Return to citation links

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